How to Obtain a CBT

Compulsory basic training (CBT) was introduced on 1 December 1990 to help reduce the very high accident rate among inexperienced motorcyclists. It applied to all new provisional license holders of both mopeds and motorcycles. A CBT must be completed before a learner moped or motorcycle rider is allowed to ride on the road with L-plates (or D-plates in Wales).

Full car licence holders qualifying after 1 February 2001 must also complete a CBT course before riding a moped on the road.

What does CBT involve?

The CBT course involves five elements:

A. introduction
B. practical on-site training
C. practical on-site riding
D. practical on-road training
E. practical on-road riding

The five elements have to be completed in sequence, although the order of the exercises within the element can be varied. You will only move on to the next element when your instructor is satisfied you have learnt the necessary theory and demonstrated the practical skills to a safe basic level. Trainees must, by law, receive a minimum two hour on-road ride in Element E.

Certificate of completion (DL 196)

When you have completed all 5 elements satisfactorily, you will be issued with a certificate of completion, known as the DL196. This is a very important document and is the key to your being able to drive scooters with L plates. It is also a legal document which validates the relevant entitlements on your driving licence and should be kept safe at all times.

Holders of a DL196 must consider the following points:

  • a DL196 certificate validating a provisional moped or provisional motorcycle entitlement lasts for two years – CBT will have to be retaken if both theory and practical tests are not passed within the two year certificate life
  • for moped entitlement only, if you pass your car driving test whilst your DL196 is still current or complete a CBT course and obtain a DL196 after passing your car test, the certificate is not subject to expiry, you will therefore need to keep your DL196 certificate safely. Please note that this applies to mopeds only, for riding motorcycles as a learner the DL196 remains valid for two years

Once you have your certificate you are advised to take additional training to pass your theory and practical tests and qualify for a motorcycle or moped licence. You must take the DL196 certificate with you when you go to your practical test.


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